Journal of Nature Conservation publishes scientific article on Dutch approach to Nitrogen.
The Journal of Nature Conservation recently published the article: The Integrated Approach to Nitrogen in the Netherlands: A preliminary review from a societal, scientific, juridical and practical perspective. The review indicates that the PAS is a comprehensive approach to the nitrogen issue, aiming for a balance between these different perspectives.
In north-western Europe, deposition of atmospheric nitrogen is one of the main obstacles to maintaining or restoring natural habitats to a favourable conservation status. The Integrated Approach to Nitrogen (PAS) of the Netherlands is a national plan that combines generic source measures to reduce nitrogen emission levels and ecological restoration measures in Natura 2000 areas, while creating room for economic development. The aim of the PAS is to ensure that conservation objectives can be achieved, while further economic development is facilitated around Natura 2000 areas within strict environmental limits.
In this way, the PAS connects economy and ecology. This paper examines the PAS from a societal, scientific, juridical and practical perspective, based on a study of the literature, juridical cases and first experiences of the programme. The article indicates that the PAS is a comprehensive approach to the nitrogen issue, aiming for a balance between the societal, scientific, juridical and practical perspective. However, the programme has not yet been in force long enough to observe actual results in the field. AERIUS, the calculation tool for the PAS plays a crucial role in calculating and monitoring the room for deposition of Nitrogen in Nature2000 areas. According to the article, AERIUS provides all the functionalities necessary to calculate the effect of economic development on the deposition of Nitrogen and thus provides the legal basis for competent authorities to issue permits.